Thanks Dave for posting that link. Fascinating stuff. I remember the Rutherford quote but never knew that the man was referring to that famous experiment.
Slighly off topic but did you see the piece in Physics World (Feb 26)?
"Both answers correct in century-old optics dilemma"
Is there anybody on this Forum that can understand this?"
It means that all our understanding of the real world is in the form of metaphors. Two metaphors for light are a stream of particles and a series of waves. Even a mathematical desciption is amethaphor, because it captures only one aspect of a phenomenon. Science doesn't reveal some kind of absolute truth about reality but gives us a handle on things. (Philosophy just permits us to play a better game of Philosophy)
I've also got a comment on Luboš Motl's claim that all science has to do is work to a 5 sigma confidence level, and everything is OK. I vaguely remembered that cold fusion was supposedly demonstrated to this confidence level, and I managed to find a link written by one of the 1980s pioneers of cold fusion that confirms this: